Beijing, November 8 August 2022 /PRNewswire/ — For farmers in Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, there have been two pieces of good news in recent days: a bumper corn harvest in the fields, and their female “grain king” has gone Beijing Represent their countryside at the party’s national congress.
When Mei Yuanxue returned to her hometown of Tongliao Horqin Left-wing Middle Banner, the applause that echoed in the Great Hall of the People during the conference was still vivid in her mind, and the cheers of local farmers still lingered in her mind. The return has brought her renewed enthusiasm and energy.
“I can’t wait to tell my fellow villagers the good news,” Mei, director of the Agricultural Technology Promotion Center of Horqin Left-wing Zhongqi Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Bureau, told the Global Times.
“The report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China once again made food security and rural revitalization an important work priority, which is not only a new signal for the country to further motivate farmers, but also a strong incentive for agricultural science and technology workers to grow,” she said.
Silently rooted in the farmland for 33 years, carried out scientific research and agricultural technology promotion, and set a high-yield record of 1126.6 kg per unit of corn. mu (0.06 hectares), helping Horqin Left-wing Middle Banner to achieve a bumper harvest for 19 consecutive years. 2021, China’s The national corn yield is 419 kg/ mu.
“With the support of the party’s favorable policies, the income of the farmers in my hometown has steadily increased from barren land and heavy wind and sand to a bumper harvest.” Mei said, emphasizing that at present, the Chinese people are unswervingly taking the initiative to comprehensively maintain the foundation of food security. right. In the future, China We have the ability and confidence to further promote the revitalization of agriculture and rural areas.
Rooted at the grassroots level
The 57-year-old Manchu woman is not actually a farmer herself, but is now seen as a “savior” in her area by locals, many of whom are farmers.
What made Mei, a female intellectual, willing to work in the fields for more than 30 years? What made this woman who is not afraid of getting her hands dirty every day, created the miracle of promoting and consolidating 5.9 million mu of high-quality farmland, and achieved the miracle of increasing grain output by more than 50 million kilograms per year and more than 600 million cubic meters of water every year?
Mei’s hometown, Horqin Left-wing Middle Banner, has 5.41 million mu of arable land, but saline soil accounts for more than one-third of the entire area.
Since she was a child, Mei was used to seeing a few sparse crops on the desolate saline-alkali land, accompanied by the anxiety and confusion of the local farmers, which was a long-term pain in her heart.
After graduating from college in 1989, Mei gave up her job in the big city and returned to her hometown to become a grass-roots agricultural science and technology extension worker.
In the eyes of local farmers, Mei is always “dusty” – she never wears fashionable leather shoes, and whenever she goes to a village, she always goes straight to the farmland. In order to find and solve the bottleneck problem that restricts agricultural production, she often works all night without rest.
Tongliao is located in the world’s golden corn belt, but at the same time, the city is also facing serious water shortage problems. In the past, Mei was worried about the pollution caused by the widely used drip irrigation covered with plastic film.
In order to solve the problem of water shortage and water conservation at the same time, in 2012, Mei began to experiment with shallowly buried recyclable drip irrigation belts in the field, and achieved technological breakthroughs. Today, Tongliao City has transformed 5.9 million mu of land into high-quality farmland through the shallow-buried drip irrigation system technology designed by itself, bringing huge ecological and economic benefits.
Over the past three decades, May has tackled many of the agricultural challenges faced by local farmers: When large-scale infestations occurred, she set up a team to detect and report infestations. At one point, a single nitrogen fertilizer was widely used by local farmers, which resulted in low yields. She compiled a scientific fertilization guide to better advise villagers.
Currently, Mei’s research focuses on the cultivation of saline-alkali land. In 2021, Mei led the scientific research team to implement a set of replicable and sustainable saline-alkali land improvement technology models, driving the transformation of more than 4 million mu of low-yield saline-alkali farmland in Tongliao, doubling the output of saline-alkali land. Fields that once let farmers down.
For more than 30 years, Mei has spent an average of nearly 200 days a year at the grassroots level. She visited 516 villages in the whole banner and promoted more than ten advanced agricultural technologies.
Over the past few decades, May has turned down several more lucrative opportunities, sticking to her job on the front lines.
“I have a sense of achievement in identifying technical deficiencies that can be improved in the agricultural production process, continuously gaining expertise to overcome these problems, and passing on that expertise to farmers in need,” May said.
full of confidence, encouragement
Mei’s sense of achievement also comes from her judgment on the current stable and progressive food security situation China. At the grassroots level, she has personally experienced the efforts and determination of the Chinese Communist Party to ensure food security.
Taking Tongliao City as an example, Mei said that the local agriculture and animal husbandry departments actively provide farmers with high-quality services, including selecting a batch of self-developed high-quality and high-yield seeds and promoting advanced production technologies such as drones. Use the Beidou satellite navigation system to prevent insect attacks and precision seeding.
“In the past, farming in Tongliao was an inefficient activity, but now, spring no longer sees women planting seeds, and men are no longer required to undertake heavy manual labor during harvest season. We mechanize the entire process, from clearing the land to waiting for mature fields. Manage until the final harvest.” May said with a proud smile.
Currently, due to supply shortages and Russia–Ukraine Due to the superposition of multiple factors such as crisis, the severe international food security situation has attracted widespread attention. Despite such global uncertainty, May firmly believes that no matter how the international situation changes, China Still capable of feeding its 1.4 billion people.
“The current emphasis on national food security is not a hasty response to the crisis, and our country has always taken precautions. A decade ago or even earlier, we had begun to gradually improve the food production and supply system,” Mei said.
Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, has repeatedly emphasized the importance of seeds and farmland.
While visiting the seed lab in Sanya in April, Southern China HainanXi Jinping said seed resources should be “firmly in our own hands” to ensure food security.He stressed the need to work towards self-reliance in seed technology and ensure that China’s Seed resources can be self-sufficient and better controlled.
Regarding the protection of cultivated land, Xi Jinping once emphasized that cultivated land is the lifeline of food production and the foundation for the sustainable development of the Chinese nation.
“While making every effort to ensure the safety of seeds, China Strictly abide by the red line of 1.8 billion mu of arable land. With the popularization of modern agricultural production, our food production has been continuously stepped up to a new level. ‘ said May.
according to China’s According to the National Development and Reform Commission, China’s grain output in 2012 exceeded the 1.2 trillion jin (600 billion kilogram) mark for the first time. It has exceeded 650 billion kilograms for seven consecutive years since 2015. In 2021, grain output will hit a record high of 682.85 billion kilograms, an increase of 70.2 billion kilograms from 2012. The per capita grain supply reached 483.5 kilograms, which was higher than the grain supply in 2020. The international food safety threshold is 400kg.
Looking forward to the future
May, join the party December 2000, has become the Party’s National Congress representative for three consecutive terms. Mei once again witnessed this grand event and was proud of Tongliao’s outstanding achievements in the agricultural field, and thanked the grass-roots party members, cadres and farmers for their efforts.
Mei told the Global Times that she was initially inspired to join the Chinese Communist Party by the exemplary role of party members.
“Whenever we go to the countryside to study and promote agricultural technology, the local farmers always respond enthusiastically to the party members, and for some difficult tasks, the party members are the first to be called and mobilized, which makes me hope to join this advanced team. , play a bigger role,” she said.
After joining the party, Mei really felt the great synergy of the comrades fighting side by side for the same goal of transforming agricultural scientific and technological achievements into real harvests.
“Many agronomists have traveled all over the country to open up experimental fields for technological innovation. In my hometown, grass-roots party cadres go door-to-door and hold lectures through WeChat groups to publicize new agricultural knowledge. The result is full of confidence. “The annual harvest serves as a guarantee for our research” stakes,” May said.
At present, there is a bumper crop of corn in the fields, but Mei also feels a great responsibility.Next, she will seize the golden age China’s Grain development, on the basis of current preferential policies, strive to further increase local grain output in the near future.
Source Global Times